Servant vs. Son

Now Moses was faithful in all God’s house as a servant, to testify to the things that were to be spoken later, but Christ is faithful over God’s house as a son.  —Hebrews 3:5-6 (ESV)

Yeah, makes perfect sense. Jesus is great than Moses. Tell me something I don’t know.

Being a New Covenant people of God, it’s easily to lose the import of the book of Hebrews. We don’t really struggle with the change over from the Old Covenant to the New. We don’t get how important not only theologically the types and shadows where, but how important they were for the fabric of day-to-day life of the ordinary Israelite.

In Exodus,

  • Moses is as God to Aaron, Aaron is his prophet (Ex. 4:16; 7:1)
  • Moses anoints the priests (Ex. 29:9)
  • God speaks to Moses face to face (Ex. 33:11), he sees God’s glory (even if only his “back” 33:23)
  • Moses sets up the tabernacle (Ex. 40) after being the only one allowed up on the mountain to receive the instructions (Ex. 25—31)

Moses is the greatest human individual in the OT. To call him a servant and saying Jesus is a son is a huge statement.

Moses is the individual through whom God secures the immediate salvation of his people Israel out of the slavery of Egypt. He is the leader of God’s people through the wilderness and the man tasked with bringing them to the Promised Land. Not even David compares with what Moses has accomplished. Moses basically founds Israel as a nation. Further David does not compare with what God did through Moses, Tabernacle, Ten Commandments, and the Pentateuch!

For the writer of Hebrews to say that Moses was a servant in God’s household is true. But what a servant he was. Then to continue on, but Jesus is God’s son is simply revolutionary. There is no comparison between Moses and Jesus, not because Moses is such a paltry character but because Christ is so magnificent.


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